Genetic risk variants in African Americans with multiple sclerosis

Isobe N, Gourraud PA, Harbo HF, Caillier SJ, Santaniello A, Khankhanian P, Maiers M, Spellman S, Cereb N, Yang S, Pando MJ, Piccio L, Cross AH, De Jager PL, Cree BAC, Hauser SL, Oksenberg JR; (2013) Neurology, 81 (3), pp. 219-227. Read More

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the association of established multiple sclerosis (MS) risk variants in 3,254 African Americans (1,162 cases and 2,092 controls). Methods: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1, HLA-DQB1, and HLA-A alleles were typed by molecular techniques. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was conducted for 76 MS-associated SNPs and 52 ancestry informative marker SNPs selected throughout the genome. Self-declared ancestry was refined by principal component analysis of the ancestry informative marker SNPs. An ancestry-adjusted multivariate model was applied to assess genetic associations. Results: The following major histocompatibility complex risk alleles were replicated: HLADRB1 15:01 (odds ratio [OR] 5 2.02 [95% confidence interval: 1.54-2.63], p 5 2.50e-07), HLA-DRB1 03:01 (OR 5 1.58 [1.29-1.94], p 5 1.11e-05), as well as HLA-DRB1 04:05 (OR 5 2.35 [1.26-4.37], p 5 0.007) and the African-specific risk allele of HLA-DRB1 15:03 (OR 5 1.26 [1.05-1.51], p 5 0.012). The protective association of HLA-A02:01 was confirmed (OR 5 0.72 [0.55-0.93], p 5 0.013). None of the HLA-DQB1 alleles were associated with MS. Using a significance threshold of p , 0.01, outside the major histocompatibility complex region, 8MS SNPs were also found to be associated with MS in African Americans. Conclusion: MS genetic risk in African Americans only partially overlaps with that of Europeans and could explain the difference of MS prevalence between populations. © 2013 American Academy of Neurology.

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Posted on September 3, 2013
Posted in: Axon Injury & Repair, Publications Authors: ,