Coordination Chemistry of Bifunctional Chemical Agents Designed for Applications in 64Cu PET Imaging for Alzheimer’s Disease

Anuj K. Sharma, Jason W. Schultz, John T. Prior, Nigam P. Rath, and Liviu M. Mirica: Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 56, Issue 22, 20 November 2017, Pages 13801-13814 Read More

Abstract

Positron emission tomography (PET) is emerging as one of the most important diagnostic tools for brain imaging, yet the most commonly used radioisotopes in PET imaging, 11C and 18F, have short half-lives, and their usage is thus somewhat limited. By comparison, the 64Cu radionuclide has a half-life of 12.7 h, which is ideal for administering and imaging purposes. In spite of appreciable research efforts, high-affinity copper chelators suitable for brain imaging applications are still lacking. Herein, we present the synthesis and characterization of a series of bifunctional compounds (BFCs) based on macrocyclic 1,4,7-triazacyclononane and 2,11-diaza[3.3](2,6)pyridinophane ligand frameworks that exhibit a high affinity for Cu2+ ions. In addition, these BFCs contain a 2-phenylbenzothiazole fragment that is known to interact tightly with amyloid β fibrillar aggregates. Determination of the protonation constants (pKa values) and stability constants (log β values) of these BFCs, as well as characterization of the isolated copper complexes using X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and electrochemical studies, suggests that these BFCs exhibit desirable properties for the development of novel 64Cu PET imaging agents for Alzheimer’s disease. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
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Posted on November 7, 2017
Posted in: HPAN, Neurodegeneration, Publications Authors: