Palladin is a neuron-specific translational target of mtor signaling that regulates axon morphogenesis

Yusuke Umegaki, Antonio Martínez Brotons, Yui Nakanishi, Zhongyue Luo, Hanlu Zhang, Azad Bonni and Yoshiho Ikeuchi. Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 38, Issue 21, 23 May 2018, Pages 4985-4995 Read More

Abstract

The mTOR signaling pathway regulates protein synthesis and diverse aspects of neuronal morphology that are important for brain development and function. To identify proteins controlled translationally by mTOR signaling, we performed ribosome profiling analyses in mouse cortical neurons and embryonic stem cells upon acute mTOR inhibition. Among proteins whose translation was significantly affected by mTOR inhibition selectively in neurons, we identified the cytoskeletal regulator protein palladin, which is localized within the cell body and axons in hippocampal neurons. Knockdown of palladin eliminated supernumerary axons induced by suppression of the tuberous sclerosis complex protein TSC1 in neurons, demonstrating that palladin regulates neuronal morphogenesis downstream of mTOR signaling. Our findings provide novel insights into an mTOR-dependent mechanism that controls neuronal morphogenesis through translational regulation. © 2018 the authors.

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Posted on August 16, 2018
Posted in: Axon Injury & Repair, Neurogenetics & Transcriptomics, Publications Authors: