Simulation of spontaneous G protein activation reveals a new intermediate driving GDP unbinding

Xianqiang Sun, Sukrit Singh, Kendall J Blumer, Gregory R Bowman. eLife, Volume 7, 5 October 2018 Read More

Abstract

Activation of heterotrimeric G proteins is a key step in many signaling cascades. However, a complete mechanism for this process, which requires allosteric communication between binding sites that are ~30 Å apart, remains elusive. We construct an atomically detailed model of G protein activation by combining three powerful computational methods: metadynamics, Markov state models (MSMs), and CARDS analysis of correlated motions. We uncover a mechanism that is consistent with a wide variety of structural and biochemical data. Surprisingly, the rate-limiting step for GDP release correlates with tilting rather than translation of the GPCR-binding helix 5. β-Strands 1 – 3 and helix 1 emerge as hubs in the allosteric network that links conformational changes in the GPCR-binding site to disordering of the distal nucleotide-binding site and consequent GDP release. Our approach and insights provide foundations for understanding disease-implicated G protein mutants, illuminating slow events in allosteric networks, and examining unbinding processes with slow off-rates. © 2018, Sun et al.

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Posted on November 21, 2018
Posted in: HPAN, Neurodegeneration, Publications Authors: