Immediate Postoperative Electroencephalography Monitoring in Pediatric Moyamoya Disease and Syndrome

Anna L Huguenard, Rejean M Guerriero, Stuart R Tomko, David D Limbrick, Gregory J Zipfel, Kristin P Guilliams, Jennifer M Strahle. (2021) Pediatric Neurology, 118, pp. 40-45. Read More

Abstract

Background: Moyamoya disease and syndrome are progressive steno-occlusive cerebrovascular diseases that manifest clinically with ischemic episodes. There is evidence for the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in preoperative and long-term postoperative evaluation of these patients, as well as in the intraoperative period to monitor for changes correlated with perioperative ischemic events. However, the utility of EEG in the immediate postprocedure time period has not previously been described. Methods: We review six patients who underwent pial synangiosis from 2017 to 2019. EEGs from the preoperative, intraoperative, and immediate postoperative period were evaluated, as well as clinical examination changes and subsequent interventions. Results: Six patients with postoperative EEG monitoring following pial synangiosis were included. EEG data was collected preoperatively, intraoperatively, and continuously postoperatively. Preoperatively, five of six patients had normal background activity on EEG, whereas one of six had hemispheric asymmetry. Three patients had new or worsening hemispheric intracerebral asymmetry on EEG during the immediate postsurgical period. Two of these had no clinical manifestations of ischemia, and one had transient left facial weakness. All three underwent blood pressure augmentation with improvement in the asymmetry on EEG and clinical improvement in the symptomatic patient. Conclusions: Although widely accepted as a useful tool during the preoperative and intraoperative periods of evaluation and management of moyamoya disease and syndrome, we propose that the use of continuous EEG in the immediate postoperative period may have potential as a useful adjunct by both detecting early clinical and subclinical intracranial ischemia. © 2021 Elsevier Inc.

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Posted on April 5, 2021
Posted in: Axon Injury & Repair, NeuroRestorative Therapy, Neurovascular Injury & Repair, Publications Authors: , ,