Inter-protofilament interactions between Alzheimer’s ABeta1-42 peptides in amyloid fibrils revealed by cryo-EM

Zhang R, Hu X, Khant H, Ludtke SJ, Chiu W, Schmid MF, Frieden C, Lee JM (2009). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 106(12):4653-8 Read More

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the accumulation of amyloid plaques in the brain. This amyloid primarily contains amyloid-beta (Abeta), a 39- to 43-aa peptide derived from the proteolytic cleavage of the endogenous amyloid precursor protein. The 42-residue-length Abeta peptide (Abeta(1-42)), the most abundant Abeta peptide found in plaques, has a much greater propensity to self-aggregate into fibrils than the other peptides and is believed to be more pathogenic. Synthetic human Abeta(1-42) peptides self-aggregate into stable but poorly-ordered helical filaments. We determined their structure to approximately 10-A resolution by using cryoEM and the iterative real-space reconstruction method. This structure reveals 2 protofilaments winding around a hollow core. Previous hairpin-like NMR models for Abeta(17-42) fit well in the cryoEM density map and reveal that the juxtaposed protofilaments are joined via the N terminus of the peptide from 1 protofilament connecting to the loop region of the peptide in the opposite protofilament. This model of mature Abeta(1-42) fibrils is markedly different from previous cryoEM models of Abeta(1-40) fibrils. In our model, the C terminus of Abeta forms the inside wall of the hollow core, which is supported by partial proteolysis analysis.

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Posted on October 12, 2009
Posted in: HPAN, Neurodegeneration, Neurogenetics, Neurovascular Injury & Repair, Pilot Projects, Publications Authors: ,