Circadian regulation of ATP release in astrocytes

Marpegan L, Swanstrom AE, Chung K, Simon T, Haydon PG, Khan SK, Liu AC, Herzog ED, Beaulé C (2011). Journal of Neuroscience, 31(23):8342-8350 Read More

Abstract

Circadian clocks sustain daily oscillations in gene expression, physiology, and behavior, relying on transcription-translation feedback loops of clock genes for rhythm generation. Cultured astrocytes display daily oscillations of extracellular ATP, suggesting that ATP release is a circadian output. We hypothesized that the circadian clock modulates ATP release via mechanisms that regulate acute ATP release from glia. To test the molecular basis for circadian ATP release, we developed methods to measure in real-time ATP release and Bmal1::dLuc circadian reporter expressionin cortical astrocyte cultures from mice of different genotypes. Daily rhythmsof gene expression required functionalClock andBmal1, both Per1and Per2, and bothCry1andCry2genes. Similarly, high-level, circadian ATP release also required a functional clock mechanism. Whereas blocking IP3 signaling significantly disrupted ATP rhythms with no effect on Bmal1::dLuc cycling, blocking vesicular release did not alter circadian ATP release or gene expression. We conclude that astrocytes depend on circadian clock genes and IP3 signaling to express daily rhythms in ATP release.

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Posted on October 14, 2011
Posted in: Neurogenetics, Publications Authors: