R9AP and R7BP: traffic cops for the RGS7 family in phototransduction and neuronal GPCR signaling

Jayaraman M, Zhou H, Jia L, Cain MD, Blumer KJ (2009). Trends Pharmacol Sci, 30(1):17-24
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RGS (regulator of G protein signaling) proteins have emerged as crucial regulators, effectors and integrators in G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling networks. Many RGS proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Galpha subunits, thereby regulating G protein activity, whereas certain RGS proteins also transduce Galpha signals to downstream targets. Particularly intriguing are members of the RGS7 (R7) family (RGS6, RGS7, RGS9 and RGS11), which heterodimerize with Gbeta5. In Caenorhabditis elegans, R7-Gbeta5 heterodimers regulate synaptic transmission, anesthetic action and behavior. In vertebrates, they regulate vision, postnatal development, working memory and the action of psychostimulants or morphine. Here we highlight R9AP and R7BP, a related pair of recently identified SNARE-like R7-family binding proteins, which regulate intracellular trafficking, expression and function of R7-Gbeta5 heterodimers in retina and brain. Emerging understanding of R7BP and R9AP promises to provide new insights into neuronal GPCR signaling mechanisms relevant to the causes and treatment of neurological disorders.

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Posted on October 14, 2009
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