Polyglutamine expansions within different proteins are associated with nine different neurodegenerative diseases. There is growing interest in understanding the roles of flanking sequences from disease-relevant proteins in the intrinsic conformational and aggregation properties of polyglutamine. We report results from atomistic simulations and circular dichroism experiments that quantify the effect of the N-terminal 17-residue (Nt17) segment of the huntingtin protein on polyglutamine conformations and intermolecular interactions. We show that the Nt17 segment and polyglutamine domains become increasingly disordered as polyglutamine length (N) increases in Nt17-Q(N) constructs. Hydrophobic groups within Nt17 become sequestered in intramolecular interdomain interfaces. We also show that the Nt17 segment suppresses the intrinsic propensity of polyglutamine aggregation. This inhibition arises from the incipient micellar structures adopted by monomeric forms of the peptides with Nt17 segments. The degree of intermolecular association increases with increasing polyglutamine length and is governed mainly by associations between polyglutamine domains. Comparative analysis of intermolecular associations for different polyglutamine-containing constructs leads to clearer interpretations of recently published experimental data. Our results suggest a framework for fibril formation and identify roles for flanking sequences in the modulation of polyglutamine aggregation.