Dual Leucine Zipper Kinase Is Required for Retrograde Injury Signaling and Axonal Regeneration

Shin JE, Cho Y, Beirowski B, Milbrandt J, Cavalli V, DiAntonio A (2012). Neuron (Epub) Read More

Abstract

Here we demonstrate that the dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK) promotes robust regeneration of peripheral axons after nerve injury in mice. Peripheral axon regeneration is accelerated by prior injury; however, DLK KO neurons do not respond to a preconditioning lesion with enhanced regeneration in vivo or in vitro. Assays for activation of transcription factors in injury-induced proregenerative pathways reveal that loss of DLK abolishes upregulation of p-STAT3 and p-cJun in the cell body after axonal injury. DLK is not required for the phosphorylation of STAT3 at the site of nerve injury but is necessary for retrograde transport of p-STAT3 to the cell body. These data demonstrate that DLK enhances regeneration by promoting a retrograde injury signal that is required for the activation of the neuronal proregenerative program. Peripheral nerve injury activates a neuronal transcriptional program that enhances axonal regeneration. Shin et al. report that dual leucine zipper kinase promotes axon regeneration by regulating retrograde transport of injury signals in mammals.

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Posted on June 21, 2012
Posted in: Axon Injury & Repair, Publications Authors: , ,